Chemical Peel Singapore – Skin Resurfacing
Chemical facial peels aim to remove dead skin cells from the skin surface, allowing new, healthy skin cells to grow back, and to create smoother-looking skin.
Do you want your skin to start with a clean slate?
If only you could peel away skin that shows signs of aging…
Just when you thought it wasn’t possible, along came a skin treatment technique called the Chemical Peel, that does just that, to help give your skin a fresh, new start.
Chemical Peel Procedure
Chemical Peeling is a treatment technique used to improve and smoothen the texture of facial skin, using a chemical solution that causes dead skin to slough off and eventually peel away. The regenerated skin is usually smoother and less wrinkled than old skin. It is also commonly used to improve sun-damaged skin, pigmentation and large pores. Even though it is most often used on the face, it is also suitable for the skin on the back, neck and hands.
Each treatment usually takes about 10 minutes to complete. Patients will feel a mild itch and warmth as the peel is being applied. Once the treatment is complete, these sensations typically go away. Over the next few days, patients will notice more skin peeling whenever they wash the treated area, after which, smoother, and more even skin tone is achieved.
Sun exposure, an unhealthy lifestyle and external pollutants can wreak havoc in our bodies, and this definitely, eventually shows in our skin. These factors can leave you with an uneven skin tone, a wrinkled face, and even stubborn scars. Unwanted skin pigmentation and dark spots may also appear.
Getting a chemical peel can help you combat these signs of aging (Rendon et.al. 2010). A chemical peel, sometimes called chemexfoliation or derma peeling, is exactly what its name suggests. It helps to smoothen skin texture by using a chemical solution that causes dead skin cells to peel off. It is used to treat a number of skin conditions, like acne, acne scars, unwanted pigmentation, fine lines and wrinkles. It can also improve rough, scaly and sun-damaged skin.
The type of chemical solution used will depend on your existing skin condition and problems. Solutions are categorized as Light or Superficial Peels, Medium Peels and Deep Peels.
Using the appropriate chemical solution, several layers of sun-damaged skin cells are removed, leaving fresh skin with a more even surface and color. The peel also helps to stimulate the production of new collagen, which eventually improves skin texture.
A chemical peel helps to improve skin tone and texture. It can also help reduce the look of fine lines, decrease hyperpigmentation, and clear up acne. Furthermore, it helps unclog pores and improve minor scarring. More importantly, the peel contributes to increased skin cell turnover and stimulates collagen production to revitalize skin.
However, it should be noted that a chemical peel may not result in a dramatic improvement of deep wrinkles and sagging skin.
Recovery and downtime for chemical peels depend on the solution used for the treatment. For superficial peels, there is minimal downtime, allowing you to resume your normal daily activities after the treatment. However, there may be a slight discomfort immediately after the procedure, and redness may occur for a couple of days.
Medium peels cause an effect that is similar to a second-degree burn. The skin may take 5-7 days to heal before redness can be covered up with makeup. There may also be some swelling, especially when treatment is done around the eyes. Also, the skin will turn reddish-brown 2-3 days after treatment, becoming crusty or flaking before.
For deeper peels, which can result in a deep second-degree burn, it takes about 3 weeks to about 2 months for the skin to heal completely. It is suggested that you take a leave from work or go on holiday for about 2 weeks after the treatment. Swelling may also be experienced, which can be relieved with corticosteroids. Also, to reduce pain after the peel, oral pain relievers will be prescribed, as well as antibiotic or antiviral medications to prevent infection.
For all peels, aftercare is extremely important and tretinoin cream will be recommended for use 2-3 weeks after the treatment.
Despite the downtime, the results after the skin has healed can give you the refreshed look that you long for.
Chemical peels can even provide dramatic results when paired with a skin tightening treatment like Thermage CPT to address pigmentation issues. It can also be complemented with Dermal Fillers to treat deep wrinkles.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
1. How does a Chemical Peel Work?
A chemical peel treatment works by applying a solution to remove damage on the outer layer of your skin and improve its texture. The procedure starts with the doctor cleansing your face to prepare for the treatment. Next, the chemical solution is brushed on to your face and will be left on for a couple of minutes to allow it to work. After this, the solution will be washed off and neutralized with water or rubbing alcohol.
Types of Chemical Peels
Treatments will depend on your needs and your skin condition. Generally, chemical peels are divided into three categories, and use different techniques to treat skin problems and bring out a new layer. Chemical peels can be categorized into Superficial or Light Peels, Medium Peels and Deep Peels.
Superficial or Light Peels
This type of peel is ideal for those who have light pigmentation, dryness, acne and fine wrinkling, as it removes the epidermis or the outer layer of the skin, to reveal healthier skin. For this type of treatment, your doctor will use a combination of mild chemicals, like alphahydroxy acid (AHA), glycolic acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid and maleic acid.
Medium peels are suitable for those who have acne scars, deeper lines and uneven skin tone. It penetrates deeper into the upper part of the dermis. A chemical called tricholoroacetic acid is usually used for this kind of treatment. It can reveal improved skin texture with less blotchy skin pigmentation and dry sunspots, and less obvious acne scars.
This type of peel uses a stronger chemical called phenol to penetrate the deeper layers of the skin, targeting deeper lines and sun-damaged skin, and even to remove precancerous skin growth. Since it uses a stronger solution, a local anesthesia or sedative is usually administered before the treatment begins to manage discomfort. After the application of the chemical solution is washed off, your skin will be neutralized with water ,and a layer of petroleum jelly will be applied to the treated area.
2. How Do I Prepare For a Chemical Peel Treatment?
Before you undergo a chemical peel treatment, your doctor will create a “test spot” to assess the appropriate solution for you, based on your skin type and condition.
You will also be advised to follow a skin care regimen, which involves cleansing your skin twice a day. and applying a special moisturizer or cream. You may also be prescribed some tretinoin if you have acne to help it heal faster, and hydroquinone for those who have tanned skin and melasma.
3. Does the treatment hurt?
Chemical peels are among popular, minimally invasive skin treatment procedures. While they do not involve cuts or injections, the chemical solutions used for treatment may cause mild stinging and burning sensations depending on the peel type.
For superficial and medium peels, a cooling fan or cool compress is used to relieve stinging and burning sensations. There may be cases where pain relievers are given for medium peels, while anesthetics are a must for deep peels.
4. Do I have to worry about recovery and downtime?
Since it is not an invasive procedure, there is no downtime for those undergoing superficial or medium peels. You can go about your daily routine after treatment.
However, you may notice some redness, stinging, skin crusting and peeling days after the treatment. Do not worry, as this will be gone after a few days. Makeup can be applied hours after the treatment to cover up redness, although it is highly recommended to keep your face makeup-free until the redness and swelling are gone.
For deep peels, you may need to take a week off from work to recover from intense inflammation and swelling that may be experienced after the treatment. Also, some facial flushing may be evident.
5. How many treatments are needed?
The number of treatments is determined during your consultation with the doctor. A chemical peel usually requires several sessions for optimum results. Generally, a treatment program involves 1 session per week for 6 weeks in the case of a superficial peel. With medium and deep peels, however, a certain healing period has to be determined on a case-to-case basis before the next session, if needed, is scheduled.
6. How soon will I see the results?
How soon results become evident depends on the chemical peel treatment administered and how the patient responds to it. It may take a couple of days to a number of weeks. The time it takes for significant improvement to be achieved varies according to how well you take care of your skin during the healing period.
Marta I. Rendon, Diane D Berson et al., ‘Evidence and Considerations in the Application of Chemical Peels in Skin Disorders and Aesthetic Resurfacing’, Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology, (2010), pp.32-43. [PubMed]
Handog, E. B., Datuin, M. S. L., & Singzon, I. A. (2012). Chemical Peels for Acne and Acne Scars in Asians: Evidence Based Review. Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery, 5(4), 239–246. [PubMed]
DISCLAIMER: Dr Tyng Tan Aesthetics and Hair Clinic website provides general information about medical aesthetic treatments and procedures. It must be remembered that individual client’s circumstances may vary and each treatment may not be suitable for all.
Our website serves as basic information for clients and does not substitute a detailed and personal consultation with a practitioner.